You Can Fight City Hall And Big Rubber The New Tire Makers And Win

Used Tire News-Deerfield Beach, via Used Tire International was subject to law 171 of 1996 instituted in Puerto Rico regulating the sale of used tires and establishing a scrap tire recycling program. Used Tire international the moment the law took effect sought relief from the federal court.
Used Tire International sought an injunction along with a Temporary Restraining Order barring the government of Puerto Rico from enforcing the challenged portions of the law. The jist of this law was written by new tire makers and their resellers, in Puerto Rico.
This is a long read but worth it if you believe in the constitution.

United States Court of Appeals,First Circuit.
USED TIRE INTERNATIONAL, INC., Plaintiff, Appellant, v. Manuel DIAZ-SALDAÑA, Defendant, Appellee.

USED TIRE INTERNATIONAL, INC., Plaintiff, Appellee, v. Manuel DIAZ-SALDAÑA, Defendant, Appellant.

Nos. 97-2347, 97-2348.
Decided: September 11, 1998
Before SELYA and BOUDIN, Circuit Judges, and SCHWARZER,* Senior District Judge. Sylvia Roger-Stefani, Assistant Solicitor General, with whom Carlos Lugo-Fiol, Solicitor General, and Edda Serrano-Blasini, Deputy Solicitor General, Federal Litigation Division, Puerto Rico Department of Justice, were on brief, for appellant. Joan S. Peters, with whom Andrés Guillemard-Noble and Nachman, Guillemard & Rebollo were on brief, for appellee.
In an effort to attack the mounting problem of solid waste disposal, the Puerto Rico legislature in 1996 enacted the Tire Handling Act, also known as Law 171.   This act establishes a comprehensive scheme for the handling and disposal of used tires.   Among other things, it requires tire vendors to accept customers’ used tires at no extra charge for processing or disposal, prohibits the burning of tires and depositing of tires in landfills except under certain conditions, regulates the storage and recycling of tires, establishes import fees, sets up a fund for handling scrap tires, creates incentives for recycling and developing alternative uses for scrap tires, and imposes penalties for noncompliance with its provisions.   The legislature identified the disposal of tires as a particular problem because of the fire hazard they present, the public health hazard they create from disease-carrying mosquitoes breeding in water that accumulates inside discarded tires and the large amount of space they occupy, diminishing the useful life of landfills.

Used Tire International, Inc. (“UTI”) is an importer of used tires into Puerto Rico. It brought this action for declaratory and injunctive relief against appellant Manuel DíazSaldaña as Secretary of the Treasury to bar enforcement of certain provisions of Law 171.   Those provisions are:  Article 5(B) which prohibits the import of tires that do not have a minimum tread depth of 3/32”;  Article 5(D) which requires tire importers to file a bond in an amount equivalent to the cost of handling and disposing of the imported product and provides for execution of the bond in the event that 10% of a representative sample of a shipment does not qualify;  Article 6 which imposes a charge on all imported tires;  Article 17(A)(1) which provides for distributions from a tire handling fund, created from the charge imposed on importers of tires, to recyclers, processors and exporters of tires;  and Article 19(A) which imposes a $10.00 fine on persons selling or importing tires that do not have a minimum tread depth of 3/32.”   Following a hearing on UTI’s request for a preliminary injunction at which both sides presented testimony, the district court issued an opinion and order, granting the injunction against enforcement of Articles 5(B), 5(D) and 19(A) and denying it with respect to Articles 6 and 17(A)(1).   Puerto Rico appealed the order and UTI cross-appealed.   The parties have stipulated that we may treat Puerto Rico’s appeal as being from a final adjudication of the invalidity of Articles 5(B), 5(D) and 19(A).   We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1292(a)(1).


 The district court concluded that Articles 5(B) and 19(A) facially discriminate against interstate commerce by banning the importation of a class of tires that may be legally sold and used in Puerto Rico. In reaching that conclusion it rejected the Secretary’s argument that Law 171 is non-discriminatory because the 3/32” requirement applies equally to importers and sellers of used tires.   The argument was premised on the first sentence of Article 19(A) which states:

Every person who sells or imports tires ․ that do not have a minimum depth of 3/32” ․ shall pay a fine of $10.00 per tire.

The court rejected this interpretation of the statute as implausible on the strength of the second sentence of Article 19(A) which states:

This provision shall apply to those who fail to comply but have not had their bond executed, according to what is pointed out in Article 5(D) [which requires all tire importers to post a bond].

It read that provision as making the penalty applicable only to those who have filed bonds, i.e., importers of used tires.

We agree with the district court’s interpretation.   The reference to “those ․ who have not had their bond executed” and the cross-reference to Article 5(D) dealing with importers of used tires makes it clear that only those sellers of used tires who are also importers are the subject of Article 19(A).   Moreover, as UTI points out, it would make little sense for the legislature to penalize sellers of noncomplying used tires taken in trade-in (i.e., locally-generated used tires) for to do so would simply accelerate the time when used tires are discarded as scrap and dumped in a landfill.   On appeal, the Secretary merely reiterates that the penalty applies equally to sellers and to importers but has offered “only rhetoric, and not explanation.”   See Chemical Waste Management, Inc. v. Hunt, 504 U.S. 334, 343, 112 S.Ct. 2009, 119 L.Ed.2d 121 (1992).   We conclude, therefore, that Article 19(A) discriminates against sellers of imported used tires because only they and not sellers of locally-generated used tires are subjected to the penalty and, consequently, that Article 5(B) discriminates against importers of used tires because Law 171 singles them out in barring the import of tires with less than 3/32” tread depth.1

 The district court, having concluded that Articles 5(B) and 19(A) are invalid, did not reach the bonding requirement under Article 5(D).   That article provides that “[e]very tire importer shall file ․ a bond ․ equivalent to the total cost of the handling and disposal of the imported product.   Should more than 10% of a representative sample of a shipment of imported tires fail[ ] to meet [the 3/32” standard] ․ the totality of the bond shall be executed.”   Plainly the bonding requirement imposes burdens, costs and risks on importers of used tires not borne by sellers of locally-generated used tires and thus provides added support for the conclusion that Articles 5(B), 5(D) and 19(A) together facially discriminate against interstate commerce.

 The inexorable increase in the volume of solid wastes and the health and environmental consequences attendant on their disposal present legislatures and courts with vexing problems.   See Philadelphia v. New Jersey, 437 U.S. 617, 630, 98 S.Ct. 2531, 57 L.Ed.2d 475 (1978) (Rehnquist, J., dissenting).   We may assume that Puerto Rico’s purpose in enacting Law 171 was to serve the best interests of all its citizens.   But no matter how laudatory its purpose, “it may not be accomplished by discriminating against articles of commerce coming from outside the [Commonwealth] unless there is some reason, apart from their origin, to treat them differently.”   Id. at 626-27, 98 S.Ct. 2531.2  In Philadelphia, the Supreme Court struck down a New Jersey statute that prohibited the importation of waste originating out of state.   The crucial question, the Court said, was whether the statute was “basically a protectionist measure, or whether it can fairly be viewed as a law directed to legitimate local concerns, with effects upon interstate commerce that are only incidental.”   Id. at 624, 98 S.Ct. 2531.   To answer that question, the Court saw no need to resolve the dispute between the parties whether the purpose was to serve parochial economic interests or to save the environment for “the evil of protectionism can reside in legislative means as well as legislative ends.”   Id. at 626, 98 S.Ct. 2531.   New Jersey’s law, it held, fell within the area that the Commerce Clause puts off limits to state regulation because it “imposes on out-of-state commercial interests the full burden of conserving the State’s remaining landfill space.”   Id. at 628, 98 S.Ct. 2531.

 Puerto Rico’s legislation barring the importation of certain used tires is essentially indistinguishable from New Jersey’s.3  It, too, places the burden of conserving its landfill space on those engaged in interstate commerce, the importers of used tires.   And it is essentially indistinguishable from the Alabama statute imposing an additional disposal fee on wastes generated outside the state, struck down in Chemical Waste.   See also Fort Gratiot Sanitary Landfill, Inc. v. Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, 504 U.S. 353, 112 S.Ct. 2019, 119 L.Ed.2d 139 (1992) (striking down statute barring disposal of solid waste generated in another county);  Trailer Marine Transport Corp. v. Rivera Vazquez, 977 F.2d 1, 10 (1st Cir.1992).   The costs associated with the required bond and the penalty upon the sale of noncomplying imported tires, moreover, resemble a tariff on goods that may be lawfully sold in the state because they are imported from another state, “[t]he paradigmatic example of a law discriminating against interstate commerce.”  West Lynn Creamery, Inc. v. Healy, 512 U.S. 186, 193, 114 S.Ct. 2205, 129 L.Ed.2d 157 (1994).   Because the Secretary has failed to come forward with a showing that Articles 5(B), 5(D) and 19(A) advance a legitimate local purpose that cannot be adequately served by reasonable nondiscriminatory alternatives, see New Energy Co. v. Limbach, 486 U.S. 269, 278, 108 S.Ct. 1803, 100 L.Ed.2d 302 (1988), they cannot withstand scrutiny under the Commerce Clause.4


 UTI cross-appeals from the district court’s denial of injunctive relief against enforcement of Articles 6 and 17.   We review the denial of a preliminary injunction for abuse of discretion.   See Ross-Simons of Warwick, Inc. v. Baccarat, Inc., 102 F.3d 12, 16 (1st Cir.1996).   The appealing party “bears the considerable burden of demonstrating that the District Court flouted” the four-part test for preliminary injunctive relief.   E.E.O.C. v. Astra USA, Inc., 94 F.3d 738, 743 (1st Cir.1996).   That test requires plaintiff to show probability of success on the merits as well as irreparable injury, the balance of harm tipping in plaintiff’s favor, and absence of adverse effect on the public interest.   See, e.g., Starlight Sugar, Inc. v. Soto, 114 F.3d 330, 331 (1st Cir.1997).

 Article 6 imposes a charge on each imported tire, whether new or used, varying with the dimension of the wheel rim.   The revenue received from this charge is placed in an Adequate Disposal Tire Handling Fund, created under Article 17, to subsidize the cost of processing and recycling used tires.   The district court held that Article 6 does not discriminate against interstate commerce because the charge is imposed on all tires entering Puerto Rico, no tires being manufactured in Puerto Rico. See Exxon Corp. v. Governor of Maryland, 437 U.S. 117, 125, 98 S.Ct. 2207, 57 L.Ed.2d 91 (1978).   UTI argues that the charge discriminates because it is not imposed on locally-generated tires.   Those tires, of course, pay the charge when they enter Puerto Rico as new tires.   The district court found that those tires nevertheless enjoy an economic advantage because the charge is not passed on in the price of locally-generated used tires.   Whatever the basis for that finding, we find nothing discriminatory in a one-time charge imposed on the importation of every tire, new or used.   The only used tires that may enjoy an advantage are those that were imported new or used before Law 171 became effective (some of which were presumably imported by UTI).   But their advantage is temporary and is the result, not of discrimination, but, rather, of the inevitable phasing in of the new law.   Because we find that Article 6 “regulates evenhandedly to effectuate a legitimate local public interest, and its effects on interstate commerce are only incidental,” Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc., 397 U.S. 137, 142, 90 S.Ct. 844, 25 L.Ed.2d 174 (1970), we affirm the district court’s ruling denying injunctive relief.

 Article 17(A)(1) provides for the distribution out of the Adequate Disposal Tire Handling Fund of the revenue derived from the import charge.   Out of the revenue collected, handlers of tires to be processed or recycled in Puerto Rico are to receive a maximum of 91% of the handling and disposal fee and exporters up to 46%.   UTI contends that this provision facially discriminates against tire exporters.   The district court found, and it is not disputed, that UTI is not a scrap tire exporter and thus not hurt by the law.   Accordingly, it lacks standing to attack this article.   See Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 560-61, 112 S.Ct. 2130, 119 L.Ed.2d 351 (1992).

UTI seeks to avoid its disability by arguing that Article 17 together with Article 6 create a tax-subsidy program similar to that found to be invalid in West Lynn Creamery, Inc. v. Healy, 512 U.S. 186, 114 S.Ct. 2205, 129 L.Ed.2d 157 (1994).  West Lynn struck down a Massachusetts milk pricing order which imposed an assessment on all milk sold by dealers in Massachusetts, two-thirds of which came from out of state, and then distributed all of it to Massachusetts dairy farmers.   Even though the assessment and the subsidy, separately, could be lawfully enacted, together they constituted a scheme under which out-of-state producers were required to subsidize competition by local high cost dairy farmers, neutralizing advantages possessed by lower cost out-of-state producers.   Id. at 194, 114 S.Ct. 2205.   The Puerto Rico import charge is distinguishable because it does not subsidize local dealers at the expense of those engaged in interstate commerce.5


We therefore AFFIRM the district court’s order respecting injunctive relief.


1.  Because no new tires are manufactured in Puerto Rico, all new tires are imported along with used tires.   New tires in due course enter the local trade as locally-generated used tires when they are taken in trade-in or bought for resale by local tire dealers.   At that point, they compete with imported used tires.

2.  “Puerto Rico is subject to the constraints of the dormant Commerce Clause doctrine in the same fashion as the states.”  Trailer Marine Transport Corp. v. Rivera Vázquez, 977 F.2d 1, 7 (1st Cir.1992).

3.  The Secretary urges us to apply the balancing analysis explicated in Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc., 397 U.S. 137, 142, 90 S.Ct. 844, 25 L.Ed.2d 174 (1970).   That analysis-weighing burdens against benefits-is inapposite, however, because this is not a law that “regulates evenhandedly to effectuate a legitimate local public interest” whose “effects on interstate commerce are only incidental.”   Id. at 142, 90 S.Ct. 844.   While we do not doubt the benefits to Puerto Rico’s citizens from extending the useful life of their landfills, the Philadelphia line of cases teaches that the Commerce Clause does not permit those benefits to be achieved at the expense of interstate commerce through discriminatory legislative means.

4.  Severability is not an issue.   Article 22 states:  “The provisions of this Act are independent from one another, and should any of its provisions be declared unconstitutional ․ the decision ․ shall not affect or invalidate any of the remaining provisions, unless the Court’s decision so state[s] expressly.”

5.  The foregoing discussion sufficiently disposes of UTI’s claim that Articles 6 and 17 violate the due process and equal protection clauses.

SCHWARZER, Senior District Judge.

Used Tires SEO And Domains

February, 7-2019
Used Tire Beach, Fl- Domains and SEO are as important as getting your used tire website updated with HTTPS The more domains related to your keywords the better. has several linked used tire related domains like and, and to name a few. Owning keyword generic domains is still key in SEO for your website. Generic keyword domains are still important for your SERP’s. Still many generic keyword domains score better in all of the search engines Google, Bing, Yahoo, and as well.
As used tire sellers and used tire dealers become more web savvy and drive more sales to the brick and mortar used stores or online sales. Used tires selling online directly to consumers is one of the fastest growing sectors in the used tire industry.

Used Tires Selling Like Hotcakes 2018

Used Tires News-Deerfield beach, Fl-Used Tires have again beaten all-time records. Used Tires are being sold worldwide in record numbers. Even in countries that ban the importation of used tires are seeing record used tire sales. Even countries where they claim the economy is improving used tires are selling in record numbers. Used tires in the US have beaten records of over 45 million units sold this far in 2018. The National Association of Used Tire Dealers reports.
Yes, used tires are being sold on Amazon .com in record numbers online sales for used tires has never been higher. Used Tire dealers can be found on eBay,Craigslist and Facebook’s Marketplace all providing used tires new markets and access to online consumers.

Used Tires Sellers Need To Have HTTPS and Malware Removal Scans Available

Scrap Tire Recycling Act - The Power Of A TRO/Injunction
Used Tire news-Deerfield Beach, Fl As we posted last Used Tire sellers need to update their websites and have HTTPS and malware scan H if Yes malware removal is available to small websites and used tire sellers through as well as other registrars. and hosts.Until your website has been hacked and you have no control over what and when you get it back. You are pretty much at the mercy of your host. In reality, it is their server that has been hacked, but it is your website that has the malware, want to argue that with them? The best bet “Be Prepared” to sell used tires without your website for a short period of time.Follow up with your server continuously until the malware is removed and your site back up.

Used Tires-How To Read Tire Age From The Sidewall Of A Tire

Used Tires News-Deerfield Beach,Fl-How to read the age of your tires.

When it comes to determining the age of a tire, it is easy to identify when a tire was manufactured by reading its Tire Identification Number (often referred to as the tire’s serial number). Unlike vehicle identification numbers (VINs) and the serial numbers used on many other consumer goods (which identify one specific item), Tire Identification Numbers are really batch codes that identify the week and year the tire was produced.

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) requires that Tire Identification Numbers be a combination of the letters DOT, followed by eight to thirteen letters and/or numbers that identify the manufacturing location, tire size and manufacturer’s code, along with the week and year the tire was manufactured.

“When it comes to determining the age of a tire, it is easy to identify when a tire was manufactured by reading its Tire Identification Number (often referred to as the tire’s serial number).”

Tires Manufactured Since 2000
Since 2000, the week and year the tire was produced has been provided by the last four digits of the Tire Identification Number with the 2 digits being used to identify the week immediately preceding the 2 digits used to identify the year.

Example of a tire manufactured since 2000 with the current Tire Identification Number format:

In the example above:
51 Manufactured during the 51st week of the year
07 Manufactured during 2007

While the entire Tire Identification Number is required to be branded onto one sidewall of every tire, current regulations also require that DOT and the first digits of the Tire Identification Number must also be branded onto the opposite sidewall. Therefore, it is possible to see a Tire Identification Number that appears incomplete and requires looking at the tire’s other sidewall to find the entire Tire Identification Number

The use of a partial Tire Identification Number on the one sidewall (shown above) reduces the risk of injury to the mold technician that would have to install the weekly date code on the top sidewall portion of a hot tire mold.

Tires Manufactured Before 2000
The Tire Identification Number for tires produced prior to 2000 was based on the assumption that tires would not be in service for ten years. While they were required to provide the same information as today’s tires, the week and year the tire was produced was contained in the last three digits. The 2 digits used to identify the week a tire was manufactured immediately preceded a single digit used to identify the year.

Example of a tire manufactured before 2000 with the earlier Tire Identification Number format:

In the example above:
40 Manufactured during the 40th week of the year
8 Manufactured during the 8th year of the decade

While the previous Tire Identification Number format identified that a tire was built in the 8th year of a decade, there was no universal identifier that confirmed which decade (tires produced in the 1990s may have a small triangle following the Tire Identification Number to identify the decade).

And finally, hold on to your sales receipt. Most tire manufacturer’s warranties cover their tires for four years from the date of purchase or five years from the week the tires were manufactured. So if you purchase new tires that were manufactured exactly two years ago they will be covered for a total of six years (four years from the date of purchase) as long as you have your receipt. If you lose your receipt, your tires’ warranty coverage will end five years from the week the tire was produced (resulting in the tire manufacturer’s warranty coverage ending only three years from the date of purchase in this example).

Highest Form of Tire Recycling Reuse Selling Used Tires

Used Tire News-Deerfield Beach,Fl-For decades while the US was trying to get a handle on its scrap tire problem, the EPA always documented used tire sales as the highest form, reuse of a scrap tire. The US discarded over 300 million scrap tires last year 2017. That said an estimated 40 million used tires were sold in the USA. Used Tire shops coast to coast, as well as online retailers, are selling used tires in record numbers.used tires for sale, just do a quick Google search or for used tires over 40 million results come back. Including those businesses that use Google AdWords and have the keywords used tires or used tires for sale, listed. Used tire dealers are becoming more tech-savvy with most having their own websites and social media pages. the internet authority on used tires and used tires for sale.

Used Tire Sales Continue To Soar Worldwide In 2018

Used Tires News- for sure the sales first half in are ahead of targets worldwide. Even with economies, slightly better consumers worldwide are still buying used tires. Used Tire sales in the USA exceeded 35 Million used tires. Used tires are being exported worldwide from the USA, Germany, Japan, South Korea, The Netherlands, Switzerland, France, and others.
Used tires are selling online as well just do a quick Google search for used tires, buy used tires, used tires for sale, used tires near me. You will return results in excess of 40 Millin search possibilities, that is how strong the market is for used tires. Why consumers are buying used tires has to do not only with economics but recycling Reuse Reduce recycle is part of today’s save the planet efforts. Used Tires are the highest form of recycling reusing the product as it is, still usable and viable.

Used Tire Dealers Need SSL Protection For Their Websites Whether Or Not they Do E-Commerce

Used Tires news-Deerfield Beach, Fl-As Google gets ready to penalize non SSL websites.that is sites that have URL’s with HTTP and not HTTPS.
Search as everyone knows is vital to a website’s traffic. appearing on page one for your keywords like used tire, used tires, used tires for sale are important.
Still, time to get your SSL certificate and maintain your websites SERP ranking.

From SSL Certificate is like a digital passport that confirms the holder’s credentials for conducting business on the Internet. When Web users send information such as their names, addresses and credit card numbers to a website secured with an SSL Certificate, the user’s browser validates the recipient’s digital certificate before establishing an encrypted connection. This process protects information from outside viewing as it flows both to and from the certificate holder’s website.

In May of 2004, GoDaddy started selling SSL Certificates for a fraction of the price that other companies were charging. Since then, GoDaddy has become the #1 provider of net new SSL Certificates according to Netcraft (and prices are still only a fraction of what the competition charges).

The disparity in prices is amazing, particularly because all of GoDaddy’s SSLs offer the same level of encryption and browser recognition. Plus, all GoDaddy SSL Certificates support an unlimited number of servers while most other companies’ certificates support only one server.

GoDaddy also offers other certificate services: Certified Domains verify the identity of a website’s owner and reassure visitors that the site is not fraudulent, and Code Signing Certificates protect software code from being copied or altered.

GoDaddy’s business controls and practices have been thoroughly reviewed by an independent accountant to ensure they conform to the international AICPA/CICA WebTrust for Certification Authorities Principles and Criteria.

According to WebTrust, “A WebTrust attestation engagement focuses on risk areas related to e-commerce activities and the appropriate policies and controls to manage those risks to the benefit of both the entity and the entity’s customers. The end result is a more robust and secure system.” The WebTrust review process, sponsored by the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, culminated in GoDaddy’s receipt of a WebTrust Seal of Assurance for Certification Authorities. WebTrust’s distinctive seal of assurance displays on the GoDaddy website. All supporting documentation for GoDaddy’s SSL Certificates can be found online in the SSL repository.

Who Buys Used Tires -Why Buy Used Tires,What To Look For When Buying Used Tires internets leader in used has been selling used tires for over 25 years.Many people who can not afford
new or who are in the process of selling their car or returning their lease buy used tires.Used tires enter the marketplace when new tires are sold.Tire recyclers cull and sort and inspect used tires and sell them.The tires that are sold from recyclers usually go to used tire wholesale sellers or used tire retailers.Contrary to many lies published by new tire makers new tires which they make are so durable a second life is probable in most cases.New tire makers stop just short of slander when they present their false facts about used tires.The one thing they do not do is tell the truth about how discarding a good used tire before it’s time exacerbates our tire recycling problem.Used tires offer a viable alternative to driving a vehicle with an unsafe,worn out or bald tire.

Normally, used tires last 2-5 years if bought in the right condition. A 2-year-old tire with no damage, patches, uneven wear, and with about 8/32” tread left, may last for good 5 years. A 4-year-old tire with 5/32” tread left, and without any significant plugs or cuts, may last a further 2 years. The lifespan of a used tire is extremely unpredictable, so any calculations are only estimates. The tire’s condition greatly depends on a number of factors.Many Us and European made tires that are now used will long outlast a cheap Chinese made new tire.

What Influences How Long Used Tires Last?
The main factors influencing how long a used tire will last are:

Damage and repairs
Any tire of 6 years or older should be well inspected every year and changed once deep cracks appear on its sidewalls or tread. So, if you’re looking for a used tire, a 2 or 3-year-old one will do fine.

NHTSA released a document showing they are working on the issue. Vehicle manufacturers recommend changing tires once every 6 years, while tire manufacturers, like Michelin, say used tires last up to 10 years.

Date code on a tire
Date code on a tire sidewall.
Determining Tire Age
You can determine tire age by looking at the DOT code on its sidewall. The last four digits are the week and the year the tire was manufactured. So, if you look at a tire with the code 4708, this will mean the tire was made during the 47th week of 2008. Such a tire is already too old to buy, unless it’s in perfect condition and you only need the tire for a maximum of one year.

You can learn more about tire date codes from this article.

Used tires may have up to 10/32” tread available, which is more than 90% of a new tire. Used tires last to 2/32”,

which is the legal treadwear limit but now often considered too shallow. At this point, the braking distance increases, the vehicle’s response becomes worse, and the tires may fail. To get adequate service from used tires, aim at 7/32” or more. Learn more about used tire tread and other things you have to be aware of from this post.

Treadwear grade in UTQG
Also pay attention to the Uniform Tire Quality Grade (UTQG) rating on the tire. There are three aspects: traction, treadwear, and temperature. The word “treadwear” and a three-digit number following, is what you should look for. The bigger the number is, the longer the used tires last, and the harder their rubber is. For example, treadwear 400 will mean every 1/32” wears every 8,000-10,000 miles. However, hard rubber provides a rather rough ride, while softer rubber performs better and soothes the move.

Uneven Wear
Irregular wear indicates a number of neglected vehicle issues. The wheels may be misaligned, the tires imbalanced, the suspension worn out, etc. Used tires last much less time if they are wearing unevenly. If one part of the tread wears beyond the legal limit, the tire’s performance will deteriorate dramatically. Plus, irregular wear may cause vehicle vibration, suspension failure, and other dangerous issues.

Uneven tirewear types
Common uneven tirewear patterns
How Long Winter Tire Tread Lasts
It’s important to remember winter tires should be considered worn out at 4/32”. They catch onto snow with the help of special thin grooves called sipes. When these grooves become shallower, they don’t catch as successfully, so the tire will start to slide. Eventually, braking and cornering will become more difficult, and it will be easier to lose control of the vehicle.

When buying a used tire look for the following-Damage and Repairs
The most frequent damage you need to pay attention to are cuts, holes from plugs, bulges, and cracks. While plug holes can be repaired, other damage are rarely reparable. There are also other serious issues to be aware of, such as:

Exposed cords.
Severe irregular wear can make steel cords show on the surface. This is a serious issue that may cause tread separation.
Belt separation.
Bumps or bulges on the sidewall may indicate internal damage – specifically, belt separation. It usually happens when the vehicle drives over a large curb or pothole, at a high speed.
Bead chunking.
If you see chunks of rubber missing from the bead area, consider the tire dangerous. The bead may come off the rim at any moment, as the damage expands. Plus, such a tire will lose air more than the others, which may result in a blowout.
Liner damage.
Any damage to the liner may cause air loss, a sidewall collapse, etc. The tire may just fold and immediately fail. Also, if you find rubber dust inside the tire, it’s probably damaged, as the sidewalls were scrubbing themselves off at some point.
As for repairs, used tires last longer without them. However, if the tire is in perfect condition but has one repaired plug, it may still serve well.

Why Tires Get Damaged
Some of the reasons for premature cracking, cuts, bulges, and other damages are:

Hitting obstacles, potholes, curbs
Getting a nail/screw in the tire by driving over a it
Driving in extreme temperatures
Excessive exposure to ozone, oxygen, oil, harmful chemicals
Rapid speed acceleration, hard cornering or braking
Under-inflation, over-inflation
Driving on a tire that ran flat
Neglecting basic tire maintenance
Improper usage (street tires off-road, winter tires in summer, etc.).

Many tires have hard spots around their circumference. These spots must be balanced by putting small weights opposite them. You can perform such a procedure at home or go to a mechanic, where they will check the tire with a computer and balance it.

It’s an important part of tire maintenance, as imbalance may cause vibrations at speeds of 45 mph and more. The vibration can cause cupping or patch-wear – an irregular wear pattern that looks like scoops of rubber were taken out around the tire’s shoulder. So if you see a tire that has such wear, don’t buy it. You will have to wait for the tire to wear past the pattern, but by that time it may be worn out. Moreover, such a tire will produce noise and may also cause vibration.

Used tires last much longer when they are balanced after mounting. So, if you buy one, make sure you take it to a mechanic or find the stiff spots yourself. Learn more about tire balancing and how to perform it here.

Tire Rotation
Tire rotation is important, as it prevents uneven wear and helps used tires last longer. Weight distribution between the four main tires isn’t equal, due to the engine and transmission adding more mass. Consequentially, more weight is applied to one tire/pair of tires than to the others, due to which they wear unevenly. Tires with more mass on them wear faster, so tire rotation evens the wear.

Tire rotation patterns
Image source:
You can read more on the importance of tire rotation and ways to do it in this article.

Wheel Alignment
Wheel alignment sets each wheel parallel to the others and perpendicular to the road. This procedure is often confused with tire balancing, however, they are completely different processes. There are three angles in wheel alignment: camber, caster, and toe. Zero camber means the wheel is perpendicular to the ground. Zero caster means the steering axis is perpendicular to the ground. Zero toe means the wheels are parallel to each other.

How Long Used Tires Last if Unused
Stored used tires last for the same amount of time as tires you mount on your vehicle – a maximum of 10 years since the date of their manufacture. Rubber ages independently from usage of the tire, as the process of oxidation happens regardless of use.

There are two factors influencing the tire’s lifespan in this case:

Environmental conditions.
Oxygen, ozone, ultraviolet light, and heat, make rubber age and dry. The more of these factors present, the faster the tire will become unfit for use.
Storage conditions.
The amount of light, temperature in the storage room, humidity, and tire deformation, influence tire condition. Exposure to the environmental conditions is also a part of storage. The hotter and lighter, the faster a tire ages. The more deformation there is (if tires lie in a pile or hang without rims), the faster the damage will occur.
Some used tires even last longer when actually used on a vehicle. When a tire is spinning, the oils within it start moving and lubricating the rubber from the inside. This prevents premature drying, making the tire last a bit longer. If you want to know more about tire storage, read this article.

How to Make Used Tires Last Longer
There are some things you can do to prolong the life of your used tires. These are:

Check air pressure regularly.
Some people recommend to check tire pressure every 3,000 miles, others insist on doing it weekly. It depends on the roads you drive on and the symptoms your tires have. For example, if you notice a tire loses air slowly yet faster than the others, check the pressure more often.
Proper inflation will improve your fuel efficiency by up to 3%. Nowadays, checking the inflation rate isn’t difficult, due to the Tire Pressure Monitoring System. It’s required on all vehicles manufactured after 2007.
Tire pressure monitoring system alarm

Rotate your tires.
To make your used tires last longer, make sure you rotate them every 5,000-8,000 miles. Also, look at the tires thoroughly while rotating, as there may be minor damage that could become a serious issue. Remember to choose the right rotation pattern for the tires, depending on whether they are directional and same-sized.
Balance your tires.
Balance the tires every 3,000-6,000 miles, depending on how fast the tread wears. With time, weight distribution around the tire changes, requiring a new balance. It’s important to provide balance, to avoid vehicle vibration and other connected issues.
Don’t expose your tires to UV and ozone excessively.
Some exposure is inevitable, but make sure you control the climate in your garage, to make the used tires last longer. Storing tires in a cool dark place, in special tire totes, will help prolong their life. When not at home, make sure you park the car in shade.
Wash your tires.
Follow special techniques and rules of tire cleaning to achieve the best results. The easiest way to clean your tires is to change the water every time you wash or rinse one tire. Another rule is to dry clean them first and then apply water. Keep in mind, some cleaning substances promote tire drying, so make sure you choose the appropriate cleaners.

Buying Used Tires: Used tires are available online and direct from flat fix shops,used tire stores and yes at new tire dealers as well.
Used tires last almost as long as new ones if you check them for damage, uneven treadwear, etc., before buying. They will also save you money, as you can often find a set that usually costs $1000, for just $200. Furthermore, you will be helping the environment, as there are millions of reusable tires thrown away every year. There is more information on the benefits of buying used tires here.

Considering all pros and cons, the used tire market is still blooming and booming. Over 30 million tires are sold every year, which is only 10% of the US new tire market.

Used Tire News-Deerfield Beach Fl


Even the used tire guy needs a nail repaired from his used tires once in a while.Used tires rough enough to withstand minor tire repairs and still have tens of thousands of miles of useful tread life left Even Michelin in their new commercial for “Pilots” say safe when new “safe when worn” negating the false propaganda new tire makers for decades have spewed about used tires and their safety.

Used tires have been tested driven on any defect that occurred in the manufacturing process which as we all know is way more dangerous to drivers. Over the course of tire manufacturing deaths from new tires and injuries caused are far greater than the almost nonexistent damages caused by used tires in service.

So Forty million US used tires sold in the past year were not sold to “fools” but to prudent consumers of Used Tires looking for an alternative to high priced new tires and recycling saving the environment while buying a used tire. Reuse, Reduce and Recycle. Buy American made used tires.

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